The United Kingdom (UK) has left the European Union (EU) and a transition period is in place until 31 December 2020.

This website explains the Government’s plans for delivering inland border facilities to provide customs and transit checks required for hauliers from 1 January 2021.

Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs (HMRC), the Department for Transport (DfT) and the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) are engaging with all relevant stakeholders to explain the need for inland border facilities at these locations.

How to comment on the proposals

This website provides an opportunity for interested individuals and organisations to view information about the Government’s proposals for inland border facilities.

Details about where inland border facilities will be located and how each site will operate are available to view via the menu on the left side of this website.

Please visit the relevant page shown on the left side of this website, which will provide an opportunity for interested individuals and organisations to view information about each site and submit comments about the proposals.

Details regarding further sites will be made available in due course.

The current rules on trade, travel, and businesses for the EU and UK continue to apply during the transition period until new rules are brought into effect from 1 January 2021. You can find more information about the new rules coming into effect at the end of the UK’s transition period here.

The new rules will require additional customs and transit checks. Where there is no space at ports for new border infrastructure, the Government will seek approval to build new inland border facilities where these checks and other activities will take place.

The Government announced its plans for new border infrastructure on 12 June 2020. You can view details of this announcement here. The Government’s Border Operating Model is a guide to inform users of the border and customs arrangements that will be in place post transition period. Full details of the Border Operating Model can be found here.

What is proposed

Site operations

The Government will seek approval to build inland border facilities to carry out required checks, such as customs and transit checks.

Each inland border facility will act as an office for starting and/or ending transit movements of goods to and from the UK. Each location includes parking areas for HGVs and other vehicles as well as security measures and facilities to enable the checking of vehicles entering and exiting the sites. There are also temporary office buildings, staff and driver welfare amenities.

Traffic management

The inland border facilities will help facilitate the flow of trade and support strategic traffic management across the UK.  

The proposals will limit the number of HGVs that can be stationed at inland border facilities at any one time. Traffic impacts on the local and strategic road network are being assessed and managed in conjunction with local and national stakeholders. When operational, there will be regular monitoring and reporting of the effects of use of the sites on neighbouring roads. Where necessary, mitigation will be implemented through a traffic management plan (TMP).

Local businesses and communities

It is understood that the presence of an inland border facility will be of interest to local businesses and communities. Topics including road traffic, environmental issues, and questions about the local short-term impacts of the proposals will continue to be reviewed with local stakeholders.

The inland border facilities have been identified as well-located to facilitate the flow of trade and traffic. The proposed arrangements are temporary and designed to cause no long-term issues or impacts. For further details, please visit the relevant site information page shown on the left side of this website.


As part of the proposals for each inland border facility, environmental studies continue to be carried out and relevant bodies including the Environment Agency, Natural England and Historic England continue to be engaged about the use of the sites.

The inland site proposals are temporary and are designed to ensure no significant or long-term environmental effects. Given the temporary nature of the inland border facilities, reinstatement plans will be prepared for implementation when activities on each site cease.

Seeking approval

Approval for each identified inland border facility will be sought under the requirements of a Special Development Order (SDO).

An SDO was laid in Parliament on the 3 September 2020 (The Town and Country Planning (Border Facilities and Infrastructure) (EU Exit) (England) Special Development Order 2020) and came into force on 24 September.

The legislation provides for the granting of temporary approval to government departments to provide facilities in specified local authority areas for the stationing and processing of HGVs entering or leaving the UK. It also allows for the provision of associated temporary facilities and infrastructure. The legislation specifies that the facilities will cease operation prior to 31 December 2025.

All stakeholders identified within the SDO are being engaged in the process.

The 2020 SDO includes four sections and can be viewed here.

This website is based on a concept and original platform developed in association with TfL and Crossrail 2.